Browse Exhibits (4 total)

Charles Ealy

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Born in Mariana, Florida, Charles Ealy (1895-1990) lived and worked in Jacksonville before moving to Philadelphia to take a position with Citizens' & Southern Bank. In his 1985 interview, Ealy talks about the African-American banking industry and businesses in Philadelphia, his relationship with bank founder and president Major R.R. Wright Sr., the fall of Brown & Stevens Bank, the impact of the Great Depression on the banking industry, and his relationships with his depositors.


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Fannie Hutchinson


Born and raised on a sharecroppers' farm near Petersburg, Virginia, Fannie Hutchinson (1905-1990) was one of sixteen children. In her 1984 interview, Hutchinson recalls how she started to work at the age of thirteen to help support her family, her move to Philadelphia in 1926, the limits placed upon her by an overprotective uncle, and her experiences as a domestic servant and factory worker. By the 1940s she owned her own grocery and luncheonette in West Philadelphia.


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I. Maximilian Martin Jr.

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In his two 1984 and 1987 oral history interviews, Isadore Maximilian Martin Jr. (1910-1992) recounts his family's move from Enfield, North Carolina, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1913.  There, his father Isadore Martin Sr. became a successful realtor, civic leader, and president of the Philadelphia branch of the N.A.A.C.P. Martin also speaks about his own life, including his education, work as a realtor, and his work with the N.A.A.C.P. for passage of the Pennsylvania Equal Rights Bill of 1935 and the campaign to integrate Philadelphia's movie theaters and hotels in the 1930s.


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Ruth Wright Hayre

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The daughter and granddaughter of two of Philadelphia’s most prominent African-American businessmen and civic leaders in the early 1900s, Ruth Wright Hayre (1910-1998), was born in Atlanta, Georgia and raised in Philadelphia. In her 1984 interview, Hayre talks about the lives of her father, Richard Robert Wright, Jr. (1878-1967), who moved to Philadelphia in his late twenties to continue his education, and her grandfather, Richard Robert Wright, Sr. (1855-1947), a former college president who came to Philadelphia in 1921 to start the Citizens and Southern Bank with his children. Like her father and grandfather, Hayre was an educational pioneer, as Philadelphia’s first African-American high school teacher and principal, and the first female head of the Philadelphia School Board.


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